Troy has 19 years of R&D engineering experience in projects ranging from the aerodynamic design of miniature drones to design, integration, and test of multiple self-driving ground vehicles - including two DARPA Urban Challenge SUV's in 2006. Developing the Urban Challenge race vehicles introduced Troy to the technology challenges of autonomous driving - many of which are still unsolved today. Starting in 2015, Troy served as the Technical Director for a Tier 1 automotive supplier program to design and prototype a fleet of self-driving vehicles using only low-cost production sensors to perceive the world and operate safely in urban driving scenarios. Today, as a member of the Draper System Engineering Directorate, Troy focuses on developing a new fault-tolerant system architectures and component sensing to lower the cost and increase the reliability of self-driving technologies. Troy grew up in Virginia and completed his B.S. and M.S. in Aerospace Engineering at Virginia Tech before joining Draper in 2004.